Today, in a short commentary written for Radiocor/IlSole24Ore, I discuss the issue of migrant flow into Europ and its impact on the economy of the host country. Everyone asks the question “Do migrants bring positive or negative benefits to the receiving country?”. The short answer is it depends on a number of variables and generalisation across the globe would be mis-leading. However, narrowing the focus on the Mediterrenan migrant flow into Italy, one can almost certainly affirm that in the short term, the impact is negative and that in the long term it is, at best unclear. The impact may potentially be positive only under a strict set of assumptions, that need to be carefully analysied before making irreversible decisions.
In one of my Op-Eds written for Radiocor- IlSole24Ore, Moody’s fa i conti e si allinea alla realtà dei fatti， I talked about Moody’s choice to align itself with the reality when China’s sovereign debt was downgraded from A1 to Aa3. China’s state bonds market is, currently, a non-market: the trading volume is low and the main players are state banks that buy bonds issued by the government and, almost always, they keep them in the portfolio until they expire.
Michele Geraci was a guest speaker at GAAF 2017, yesterday in Shanghai. In his speech, he shared following three viewpoints: First, RMB will never be international currency. Second, Interest rate in China needs to be brought up to the same level of GDP growth rate in order to create stable economy. Third, There will be more difficulties for China trade with the U.S. but it will be easier for China outbound investment to the U.S.
In 2017, one of the biggest issues that the world will be facing is trade war, especially between China-US. President Xi and Trump have different views. Xi strongly encourages free trade between countries while Trump stresses the importance of fair trade. Michele Geraci has an even different view from both of them. He thinks that opening up trade and lowering trade barriers, in general, would benefit both countries involved, on average, but the problem is that these benefits are not always redistributed fairly within the country.
Michele Geraci talked about global challenges and opportunities under Trump’s era at the opening ceremony of the 2017 CRRC Advanced International Talent Development Programme, at the University of Nottingham, China. Geraci also discussed Trieste port as an example of terminal for the Maritime Silk Road. Trieste port, located at Italy, is a key location for the 21st Maritime Silk Road. It has a big competitive advantage with Central Europe and it has direct links to Germany and, from there, direct links to Scandinavia.
The president of Italy is currently in china for an official state visit. This state visit comes at an interesting time for both China and Italy: the two countries are engaging more than before into a commercial dialogue of mutual respect and common interests, trade between the two counties shows good sign of improvement and Italian trade deficit appears to narrow slightly and capital investments made in the past couple of years have all helped improve the image that the Italian Business community has of China.
Italian newspaper la Repubblica today reports about the growing interest of Italian government towards China. Presidents Mattarella will shortly visit China, and this follows quite frequent visit by undersecretary of development Mr. Scalfarotto.
China’s foreign reserves slipped below the $3 trillion level in January, the lowest level since February 2011. In the background of a lacking economic confidence and rising trade protectionism throughout the world, the implications of the decline of China’s foreign reserves remains to be seen. It is a concern because the world has been used to China accumulating reserves. The main concern is not the level of reserves, but is the trend.